On December 1, 2022, India took over the G20 presidency from Indonesia and will hold the position for a year. This is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for India to contribute to the global agenda on pressing international issues. Recently, G20 summits have begun to focus not only on macroeconomics and trade but also on a wide range of global issues that have a significant impact on the global economy, as globalisation has progressed and various issues have become more intricately intertwined. These issues included overall development, climate change and energy, health, counter-terrorism, migration and refugees, and so on. Through its contributions to resolving these global issues, the G20 has sought to realise an inclusive and sustainable world.
The first G20 Summit took place in Washington, DC in 2008. G20 Summits are an important topic for competitive exams. G20 Summit questions are asked in the general awareness section of these exams. Candidates preparing for upcoming government exams such as SSC, RRB, and Bank must stay up to date on G20 summits because general awareness is a critical component of the syllabus for the majority of these exams. UPSC IAS aspirants should also carefully read the topic of the G20 summit List, as questions based on it may be asked in the UPSC Prelims.
What is a G20 Summit?
The G20 summit, which was established in 1999, is the premier forum for international cooperation on the most important issues on the international economic and financial agenda. It brings the world’s major advanced and emerging economies together. The G20 is a forum of the world’s largest economies founded in 1999. The group consists of 19 countries as well as the European Union. The first G20 Summit took place in Washington, DC in 2008.
List of G20 Summits From 2008 to 2023
In November 2020, the G20 Summit 2020 was held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It was the 15th G20 summit, which took place on November 21st and 22nd, 2020. It was presided over by Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz. PM Narendra Modi leads the Indian delegation to the 15th G20 summit.
Here is the List of G20 Summits that occurred between 2008 and 2023; candidates will also find the G20 Summits’ hosts, venues, and dates on the list.
|List of G20 Summits|
|G-20 Summits||Dates||G20 Host Countries||Venue & Host City||Host leader|
|1st||November 14th-15th, 2008||United States||National Building Museum, Washington, D.C||George W. Bush|
|2nd||April 2nd, 2009||United Kingdom||ExCeL London, London||Gordon Brown|
|3rd||September 2th -25th, 2009||United States||David L. Lawrence Convention Center, Pittsburgh||Barack Obama|
|4th||June 26th-27th 2010||Canada||Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Toronto||Stephen Harper|
|5th||November 11th–12th 2010||South Korea||COEX Convention & Exhibition Center, Seoul||Lee Myung-bak|
|6th||November 3rd–4th, 2011||France||Palais des Festivals, Cannes||Nicolas Sarkozy|
|7th||June 18th–19th, 2012||Mexico||Los Cabos Convention Center, San José del Cabo, Los Cabos||Felipe Calderón|
|8th||September 5th–6th, 2013||Russia||Constantine Palace, Saint Petersburg||Vladimir Putin|
|9th||November 15th–16th, 2014||Australia||Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre, Brisbane||Tony Abbott|
|10th||November 15th–16th,2015||Turkey||Regnum Carya Hotel Convention Centre, Serik, Antalya||Recep Tayyip Erdoğan|
|11th||September 4th–5th 2016||China||Hangzhou International Exhibition Centre, Hangzhou||Xi Jinping|
|12th||July 7th–8th 2017||Germany||Hamburg Messe, Hamburg||Angela Merkel|
|13th||November 30th – December 1st 2018||Argentina||Costa Salguero Center, Buenos Aires||Mauricio Macri|
|14th||June 28th- 29th, 2019||Japan||Intex Osaka, Osaka||Shinzō Abe|
|15th||November 21st–22nd 2020||Saudi Arabia||King Abdullah Financial District, Riyadh||Salman|
|16th||October 30th-31st 2021||Italy||Rome||Giuseppe Conte|
|17th||November 15 -16, 2022||Indonesia||The Apurva Kempinski, Bali||Joko Widodo|
|18th||September 9 – 10, 2023||India||Pragati Maidan Convention Centre, New Delhi||Narendra Modi|
|19th||2024 [Date to be announced]||Brazil||–||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
G20 Summit 2023
India took over the G20 Presidency from Indonesia. From December 1, 2022, to November 30, 2023, India presides over the G20. The 43 Heads of Delegation, the most ever in the G20, will attend the final New Delhi Summit in September 2023
The theme of the 2023 Indian G-20 Presidency, ‘One Earth, One Family, One Future,’ sets the tone for the 2023 Infrastructure Agenda.
List of G20 Countries
The G-20, or the Group of Twenty, is named after the number of members. It is worth noting that G20 members account for approximately 85% of global GDP, 75% of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. The following is the list of G20 countries:
|G20 Member Countries|
|Republic of Korea||Republic of South Africa|
|United States of America||European Union (EU)|