Important Questions CBSE Class 9 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas Volumes - GMS - Learning Simply
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# Important Questions CBSE Class 9 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas Volumes

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# Important Questions CBSE Class 9 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas Volumes

Important questions for CBSE Class 9 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes are given here for students who are preparing for their final exams. All these questions are prepared based on the CBSE syllabus (2021-2022) and are relevant to the NCERT book. The important questions are formulated as per the latest exam pattern.  Practising these questions will help students to score well in their exams.

Chapter 13 of Class 9 maths deals with various solid shapes such as cube, cuboid, cone, cylinder and sphere. In this chapter, students will learn how to find the surface area and volumes of all these solids and how we can apply these formulas in word problems based on the real-world scenarios.

## Important Questions For CBSE Class 9 Surface Areas and Volumes  (Chapter 13)

Q.1: Hameed has built a cubical water tank with lid for his house, with each outer edge 1.5 m long. He gets the outer surface of the tank excluding the base, covered with square tiles of side 25 cm (see in the figure below). Find how much he would spend on the tiles if the cost of the tiles is Rs.360 per dozen.

Solution:

Given,

Edge of the cubical tank (a) = 1.5 m = 150 cm

So, surface area of the tank = 5 × 150 × 150 cm2

The measure of side of a square tile = 25 cm

Area of each square tile = side × side = 25 × 25 cm2

Required number of tiles = (Surface area of the tank)/(area of each tile)

= (5 × 150 × 150)/(25 × 25)

= 180

Also, given that the cost of the tiles is Rs. 360 per dozen.

Thus, the cost of each tile = Rs. 360/12 = Rs. 30

Hence, the total cost of 180 tiles = 180 × Rs. 30 = Rs. 5400

Q.2: The paint in a certain container is sufficient to paint an area equal to 9.375 sq.m. How many bricks of dimensions 22.5 cm × 10 cm × 7.5 cm can be painted out of this container?

Solution:

Given,

Dimensions of the brick = 22.5 cm × 10 cm × 7.5 cm

Here, l = 22.5 cm, b = 10 cm, h = 7.5 cm

Surface area of 1 brick  = 2(lb + bh + hl)

= 2(22.5 × 10 + 10 × 7.5 + 7.5 × 22.5) cm2

= 2(225 + 75 + 168.75) cm2

= 2 x 468.75 cm2

= 937.5 cm2

Area that can be painted by the container = 9.375 m2 (given)

= 9.375 × 10000 cm2

= 93750 cm2

Thus, the required number of bricks = (Area that can be painted by the container)/(Surface area of 1 brick)

= 93750/937.5

= 937500/9375

= 100

Q.3: The length, breadth and height of a room are 5 m, 4 m and 3 m respectively. Find the cost of whitewashing the walls of the room and the ceiling at the rate of  Rs.7.50 per sq.m.

Solution:

Given,

Length of the room (l) = 5 m

Breadth of the room (b) = 4 m

Height of the room (h) = 3 m

Area of walls of the room = Lateral surface area of cuboid

= 2h(l + b)

= 2 × 3(5 + 4)

= 6 × 9

= 54 sq.m

Area of ceiling = Area of base of the cuboid

= lb

= 5 × 4

= 20 sq.m

Area to be white washed = (54 + 20) sq.m = 74 sq.m

Given that, the cost of white washing 1 sq.m = Rs. 7.50

Therefore, the total cost of white washing the walls and ceiling of the room = 74 × Rs. 7.50 = Rs. 555

Q.4: The curved surface area of a right circular cylinder of height 14 cm is 88 sq.cm. Find the diameter of the base of the cylinder.

Solution:

Let d be the diameter and r be the radius of a right circular cylinder.

Given,

Height of cylinder (h) = 14 cm

Curved surface area of right circular cylinder = 88 cm2

⇒ 2πrh = 88 cm2

⇒ πdh = 88 cm2 (since d = 2r)

⇒ 22/7 x d x 14 cm = 88 cm2

⇒ d = 2 cm

Hence, the diameter of the base of the cylinder is 2 cm.

Q.5: Curved surface area of a right circular cylinder is 4.4 sq.m. If the radius of the base of the cylinder is 0.7 m, find its height.

Solution:

Let h be the height of the cylinder.

Given,

Radius of the base of the cylinder (r) = 0.7 m

Curved surface area of cylinder = 4.4 m2

Thus,

2πrh = 4.4

2 × 3.14 × 0.7 × h = 4.4

4.4 × h = 4.4

h = 4.4/4.4

h = 1

Therefore, the height of the cylinder is 1 m.

Q.6: In a hot water heating system, there is a cylindrical pipe of length 28 m and diameter 5 cm. Find the total radiating surface in the system.

Solution:

Given,

Length of the cylindrical pipe = h = 28 m

Diameter of the pipe = 5 cm

Now, the radius of piper (r) = 5/ 2 cm = 2.5 cm = 0.025 m

Total radiating surface in the system = Total surface area of the cylinder

= 2πr(h + r)

= 2 × (22/7) × 0.025 (28 + 0.025) m2

= (44 x 0.025 x 28.025)/7 m2

= 4.4 m2 (approx)

Q.7: The height of a cone is 16 cm and its base radius is 12 cm. Find the curved surface area and the total surface area of the cone. (Take π = 3.14)

Solution:

Given

Height of a cone (h) = 16 cm

Radius of the base (r) = 12 cm

Now,

Slant height of cone (l) = √(r2 + h2)

= √(256 + 144)

= √400

= 20 cm

Curved surface area of cone = πrl

= 3.14 × 12 × 20 cm2

= 753.6 cm2

Total surface area = πrl + πr2

= (753.6 + 3.14 × 12 × 12) cm2

= (753.6 + 452.16) cm2

= 1205.76 cm2

Q.8: Find the total surface area of a cone, if its slant height is 21 m and diameter of its base is 24 m.

Solution:

Given,

Diameter of the cone = 24 m

Radius of the cone (r) = 24/2 = 12 m

Slant height of the cone (l) = 21 m

Total surface area of a cone = πr(l + r)

= (22/7) × 12 × (21 + 12)

= (22/7) × 12 × 33

= 1244.57 m2

Q.9: The slant height and base diameter of a conical tomb are 25 m and 14 m respectively. Find the cost of white-washing its curved surface at the rate of Rs.210 per 100 sq.m.

Solution:

Given,

Slant height of a cone (l) = 25 m

Diameter of the base of cone = 2r = 14 m

∴ Radius = r = 7 m

Curved Surface Area = πrl

= (22/7) x 7 x 25

= 22 × 25

= 550 sq.m

Also, given that the cost of white-washing 100 sq.m = Rs. 210

Hence, the total cost of white-washing for 550 sq.m = (Rs. 210 × 550)/100 = Rs. 1155

Q.10: The hollow sphere, in which the circus motorcyclist performs his stunts, has a diameter of 7 m. Find the area available to the motorcyclist for riding.

Solution:

Given,

Diameter of the sphere = 7 m

Radius (r) = 7/2 = 3.5 m

Now, the riding space available for the motorcyclist = Surface area of the sphere

= 4πr2

= 4 × (22/7) × 3.5 × 3.5

= 154 m2

Q.11: The radius of a spherical balloon increases from 7 cm to 14 cm as air is being pumped into it. Find the ratio of surface areas of the balloon in the two cases.

Solution:

Given,

Radius of balloon = r =  7 cm

Radius of pumped balloon = R = 14 cm

Ratio of surface area = (TSA of balloon with r = 7 cm)/(TSA of balloon with R = 14 cm)

= (4πr2)/(4πR2)

= r2/R2

= (7)2/(14)2

= 49/196

= 1/4

Hence, the ratio of surface areas of the balloon in the two cases is 1 : 4.

Q.12: A river 3 m deep and 40 m wide is flowing at the rate of 2 km per hour. How much water will fall into the sea in a minute?

Solution:

Given,

Depth of the river (h) = 3 m

Width of the river (w) = 40 m

Flow rate of water = 2 km/hr

i.e. Flow of water in 1 hour = 2 km = 2000 m

Flow of water in 1 minute = 2000/60 = 100/3 m

Thus, length (l) = 100/3 m

Volume of water falling into the sea in 1 minute = Volume of cuboid with dimension l, w, h

= l × w × h

= (100/3) × 40 × 3

= 4000 m3

= 4000 x 1000 L

= 4000000 L

Q.13: A lead pencil consists of a cylinder of wood with a solid cylinder of graphite filled in the interior. The diameter of the pencil is 7 mm and the diameter of the graphite is 1 mm. If the length of the pencil is 14 cm, find the volume of the wood and that of the graphite.

Solution:

Given,

Diameter of the pencil = 7  mm

Radius of the pencil (R) = 7/2 mm

Diameter of the graphite cylinder = 1 mm

Radius of the graphite (r) = 1/2 mm

Height (h) = 14 cm = 140 mm (since 1 cm = 10 mm)

Volume of a cylinder = πr²h

Volume of graphite cylinder = πr2h

= (22/7) × (1/2) × (1/2) × 140

= 110 mm³

Volume of pencil = πR²h

= (22/7) × (7/2) × (7/2) × 140

= 490 × 11

= 5390 mm²

Volume of wood = Volume of pencil – Volume of graphite

= 5390- 110 = 5280 mm³

= 5280/1000 (since 1 mm³ = 1/1000 cm³)

= 5.28 cm³

Q.14: Meera has a piece of canvas whose area is 551 m2. She uses it to have a conical tent made, with a base radius of 7 m. Assuming that all the stitching margins and the wastage incurred while cutting, amounts to approximately 1 m2, find the volume of the tent that can be made with it.

Solution:

Given,

Area of the canvas = 551 m2

Area of the canvas lost in wastage = 1 m2

Thus, the area of canvas available for making the tent = (551 – 1) m2 = 550 m2

Now, the surface area of the tent = 550 m2

The required base radius of the conical tent = 7 m

Curved surface area of tent = 550 m2

That means,

πrl = 550

(22/7) × 7 × l = 550

l = 550/22

l = 25 m

Now, l2 = h2 + r2

h2 = l2 – r2 = (25)2 – (7)2 = 625 – 49 = 576

h = 24 m

So, the volume of the conical tent = (1/3)πr2h

= (1/3) × (22/7) × 7 × 7 × 24

= 1232 m3

Q.15: A capsule of medicine is in the shape of a sphere of diameter 3.5 mm. How much medicine (in mm3) is needed to fill this capsule?

Solution:

Given,

Diameter of capsule = 3.5 mm

Radius of capsule = (r) = 3.5/2 = 1.75 mm

Volume of spherical capsule = (4/3)πr3

= (4/3) × (22/7) × 1.75 × 1.75 × 1.75

= 22.458 mm3

Therefore, the volume of the capsule is 22.46 mm3 approx.

Q.16: Calculate the amount of ice-cream that can be put into a cone with base radius 3.5 cm and height 12 cm.

Solution:

Given,

Base radius = r = 3.5 cm

Height = h = 12 cm

The amount of ice-cream that can be put into a cone = Volume of cone

= (1/3)πr2h

= (1/3) × (22/7) × 3.5 × 3.5 × 12

= 154 cm3

Q.17: A spherical ball is divided into two equal halves. Given that the curved surface area of each half is 56.57 cm, what will be the volume of the spherical ball?

Solution:

Given,

Curved surface area of of half of the spherical ball = 56.57 cm2

(1/2) 4πr2 = 56.57

2 × 3.14 × r2 = 56.57

r2 = 56.57/6.28

r2 = 9 (approx)

r = 3 cm

Now,

Volume of spherical ball = (4/3)πr3

= (4/3) × 3.14 × 3 × 3 × 3

= 113.04 cm3

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